Pohela Boishakh 1428 (2021)
April 18 @ 12:00 pm - 6:00 pm
Bengali New Year, also known as ‘Pohela Boishakh’ is the first day in the Bengali calendar. Poila means ‘first’ and Boishakh is first month of the Bengali calendar.
As Bengali New Year is based on a solar calendar it occurs on 14 April in the Gregorian calendar each year. It is an optional public holiday in Bangladesh and in India in 2018, it a public holiday in Tripura, West Bengal and may be celebrated by Bengali communities elsewhere in India. It may be observed on 15 April in India, as 14 April is a already a holiday in many states for Dr Ambedkar Jayanti.
Traditions of Bengali new Year
Mughal Emperor Akbar introduced the Bengali calendar in 1556 (Gregorian calendar) to make the collection of land tax easier in ‘Subah Bangla’, much of which is now in Bangladesh.
Bengali New Year is celebrated at the time as many other new years in the region. It is marked by the sun moving from Pieces to Aries. This is an ancient festival and when it was first observed, the movement of the sun into Aries would have been closer to the Vernal Equinox marking the arrival of spring in the northern hemisphere. The dates of these events differ today due to the wobble of the earth on its axis over a 25,000 cycle – known as procession.
The traditional greeting for Bengali New Year is ‘Shubho Nabobarsho’ which means ‘Happy New Year’.
How is Bengali New Year celebrated?
As with other new years’ traditions in the region, Bengali families clean their house and decorate them with colourful motifs called alpana. At the center of the alpana pattern, they place a earthen pot, filled with water, covered with mango leaves and marked with the sacred Hindu red and white swastika sign. This is intended to bring good luck and fortune to the household in the coming year. People may also visit their nearby river to say prayers and take a ritual bath.
Pahela Boishakh or Bangla Nabobarsho is the first day of Bengali Calendar. It is celebrated on 14 April as a national holiday in Bangladesh, and on 14 or 15 April in the Indian states of West Bengal, Odisha, Tripura and part of Assam by people of Bengali heritage, irrespective of their religious faith.
The festival date is set according to the lunisolar Bengali calendar as the first day of its first month Baishakh. It therefore almost always falls on or about 14 April every year on the Gregorian calendar. The same day is observed elsewhere as the traditional solar new year and a harvest festival by Hindus and Sikhs, and is known by other names such as Vaisakhi in central and north India, Vishu in Kerala and Puthandu in Tamil Nadu.
The festival is celebrated with processions, fairs and family time. The traditional greeting for Bengali New Year is শুভ নববর্ষ “Shubho Nabobarsho” which is literally “Happy New Year”. The festive Mangal Shobhajatra is organized in Bangladesh. In 2016, the UNESCO declared this festivity organized by the Faculty of Fine Arts, University of Dhaka as a cultural heritage of humanity.
The People of Bangladesh celebrate Pohela Boishakh in different ways. Peoples in Bangladesh wear Pohela Boishakh Dress , Girls wear Boishakhi Saree. These dresses are the common form of Pohela Boishakh Celebration.
In the year of 2019, Bangla New year will be celebrated on April 14, 2019. The first day of Bangla new year of 1426. So, We may call this Pohela Boishakh 1426. On this day different junior school arranges essay writing competition which titles Pohale Baishakh Paragraph. This day has a unique history. We have discussed it on Pohela Boishakh. People on this day take traditional Bangladeshi food like Panta Vat (Soaked Rice), Ilish, etc. 1st Boishakh is celebrated throughout the country. Boishakhi Mela is held different area of Bangladesh.